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Surgical Procedures for Knee Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis of the knee is very common, affecting up to 10% of the population over 55 years of age. The incidence of knee osteoarthritis is increasing with the aging population. This condition results in wearing down of the cartilage within the knee.

This, in turn, causes symptoms such as pain, swelling, mechanical locking of the knee, instability and stiffness.
The majority of treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee is undertaken by a patient’s General Practitioner.

This can include medication, activity modification, exercise, bracing, and steroid injections into the knee. If the GP deems these treatments either ineffective or inappropriate, they would then refer the patient to an Orthopaedic Surgeon for consideration of surgical procedures.This article will concentrate on explaining in simple terms which types of surgery are available. I will also outline who is likely to benefit from these operations, as well as the possible complications.

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